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HOW TO: Housing

Updated: Sep 1, 2021

The aim of pig housing is to provide an atmosphere that will allow the pig to optimally develop or breed. Therefore, pig housing must strive for:

  • Protection from extreme climatic conditions, e.g. direct solar radiation, rain, wind.

  • Allowing the pigs' inherent behaviour patterns and minimize overcrowding.

  • Provision of conditions for dry bedding that do not predispose the pig to diseases.

  • Enabling access to clean water and food.

  • Making sure the stockman moves easily. Successful effluent disposal.

  • Cost effectiveness in the construction of housing.

Housing structure

In Fermented Bed Technology, pigs are raised intensively in the housing structure to:

  • Make it easy for management and feeding. Pigs of various sizes are separately raised should an outbreak of disease occurs; it is easier to quarantine sick animals.

  • At various stages of growth, such as breast-feeding sows, weaned piglets, finishers, porkers and breeding stock, a farmer can also handle pigs effectively. Encourage optimum production.

  • The piglets are shielded from the vagaries of nature when in a sheltered structure.

  • Fewer deaths are encountered in litter Control pests and preventing outbreaks of disease.

Factors to consider when selecting site for good housing

A good site:

  • It should drain well.

  • To allow sunlight to reach in the morning and evening, its orientation should be in the east-west direction.

  • To deliver supplies using vehicles, it should have easy access points.

  • The roof must be made of material that protects pigs from direct sunlight and rain.

  • The walls should allow full circulation of air.

  • It should have troughs with feed and water.

The Roof

  • Locally available materials such as dry thatching grass, polythene sheets, papyrus mats placed over polythene sheets, dry banana leaves placed over polythene sheets or iron sheets should be assembled.

  • To create a cool atmosphere, the roof should be at least three meters above the ground.

  • Be resistant to rain and sun. If corrugated iron sheets are used, collect rainwater.


  • Using either bricks or cut-off timber.

  • To prevent the pig from pushing against it easily, the off cuts should be nailed on the inside part of the house.

  • The wall should be plastered well. Using treated poles to support the framework.


  • The floor should not be cemented, but with a soil surface, the left bear.

  • The parent material of dry matter (grass, maize stalk, sorghum straws, twigs or small branches) should cover it.

  • A mixture of either fine saw dust or rice/wheat bran mixed with lime, table salt and red soil should cover the parent material.

Feed and water troughs

  • On opposite sides, the feed and water troughs should be positioned so that the pigs can exercise as they move from one trough to another.

  • To avoid over wetting the same location, the water troughs should be relocated regularly.

  • It is advisable to use plastic troughs since they can be easily washed to maintain an

  • appropriate standard of hygiene.

  • The troughs do not necessarily have to be fixed; after the animals have fed and drank water, they can be easily relocated to make more space for exercise.

  • They should be constructed along the wall if the troughs are fixed. A space of 30cm in a feed trough should be allowed for each pig.

  • A water trough should have a height of at least 30cm.

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